This case highlights the puzzling high rate of diarrheal child mortality in developing countries, despite the existence of a simple, effective treatment: oral rehydration therapy (ORT). ORT treated extreme dehydration caused by diarrhea, which was one of the most common causes of death among young children in developing countries, especially in Africa and Asia. Announced in the 1970s as one of the most important medical advances of the 20th Century contributed to a reduction of diarrhea ORT-relationships … Read more »

This case highlights the puzzling high rate of diarrheal child mortality in developing countries, despite the existence of a simple, effective treatment: oral rehydration therapy (ORT). ORT treated extreme dehydration caused by diarrhea, which was one of the most common causes of death among young children in developing countries, especially in Africa and Asia. Announced in the 1970s as one of the most important medical advances of the 20th Century contributed to a reduction of ORT diarrheal deaths in children from 4.5 million in 1980 to 1.5 million in 2000. But for reasons unclear to the global public health community, the mortality rate of about 1.5 million, in 2010, where it remained stalled. In the presentation of the problem of diarrhea-related deaths, the solution represented by ORT, and the various factors that may affect PLACE use case allows the students to analyze the possible reasons for the low use ORT and possible measures to address them.
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Nava Ashraf
Claire Qureshi
Source: HBS
13 pages.
Release Date: 02 Dec, 2010. Prod #: 911035-PDF-ENG
Oral rehydration solution HBR case